Ferdinand Under Tree Watercolor

Traditional Media

In the tumultuous summer of 2020, my values took a sharp progressive turn. I’d never been particularly conservative about anything, but the new social justice activism and encroaching U.S. Fascism drove me to explore the politically radical history of the Jewish people in the early 20th century. We – Jews – are commonly thought of as having been weak victims desperately hiding from our oppressors, when in fact we were fiercely resisting. To my delight, I found women played a prominent role in the partisan resistance brigades of the Holocaust. Photographs of these women radiate a defiance and even outright joy in the face of brutal oppression, which is something seldom included in Holocaust education.